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Influence of isovalent and aliovalent dopants on the reactivity of cerium oxide for catalytic applications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53423 46969 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Influence of isovalent and aliovalent dopants on the reactivity of cerium oxide for catalytic applications
Abstract

•Isovalent and aliovalent doped ceria was evaluated for soot and CO oxidation.•Both dopants successfully tuned the ceria catalytic performance.•Aliovalent (La3+, Eu3+, and Sm3+) doped ceria showed excellent performance.•Reasons for the observed excellent activity are deeply discussed.

The influence of dopant size and valence state on the reduction properties, oxygen defects, and lattice strain in doped ceria has been studied fastidiously. This is of particular importance in environmental application, such as soot and CO oxidation. Herein, isovalent (Zr4+) and aliovalent (La3+, Eu3+, and Sm3+) metal ions doped ceria catalysts were synthesized by coprecipitation method with aqueous ammonia as the precipitant. The interplay of dopant size and valence in the ceria lattice is experimentally analysed in detail at the structural and electronic level by XRD, BET, TEM, Raman, TPR, and XPS techniques, and finally evaluated for soot and CO oxidation reactions. According to the analysis results, the size or the valence of the dopant or both together positively influence the ceria properties. The isovalent substituent (Zr4+), which is different in size with respect to ceria, enhanced the ceria intrinsic activity by decreasing its reduction temperature and oxygen vacancy formation energy, thereby increased the activity. Whereas, aliovalent dopants (La3+, Eu3+, and Sm3+) having different in size and valence compared to pure ceria further improved the structural and catalytic properties of bare ceria by inducing additional oxygen vacancies. The observed activity of doped materials towards soot and CO oxidation reactions is as follows: aliovalent doped ceria > isovalent doped ceria > ceria. The marked influence of isovalent and aliovalent dopants on the ceria properties are highlighted in this study.

Graphical abstractThe augmentation of oxygen vacancies and reduction properties of pure ceria are greatly improved by the introduction of isovalent and aliovalent dopants into the ceria lattice, which facilitate the soot oxidation at lower temperatures.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (153 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ceria; Coprecipitation; Isovalent/aliovalent metal ions; Soot oxidation; CO oxidation
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Influence of isovalent and aliovalent dopants on the reactivity of cerium oxide for catalytic applications
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 253, 15 September 2015, Pages 57–64
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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