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Formation of BaMnO3 in Ba/MnOx–CeO2 catalyst upon the hydrothermal ageing and its effects on oxide sintering and soot oxidation activity

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53426 46969 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
Formation of BaMnO3 in Ba/MnOx–CeO2 catalyst upon the hydrothermal ageing and its effects on oxide sintering and soot oxidation activity
Abstract

•The Ba-impregnated catalyst shows a higher hydrothermal stability than MnOx–CeO2.•BaMnO3 nanoparticles are observed by HRTEM at the interface of CeO2 crystallites.•The formed perovskite inhibits the sintering of ceria and vice versa.•BaMnO3 nanoparticles also contribute to the activity of catalyst for soot oxidation.

MnOx–CeO2 mixed oxides were synthesized using a sol–gel method and the barium-loaded catalyst was prepared by a wet impregnation. Both catalysts were hydrothermally aged at 800 °C for 10 h. The fresh and aged catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), NO temperature-programmed oxidation (NO-TPO) and soot temperature-programmed oxidation (soot-TPO). Compared with MnOx–CeO2, the Ba-modified mixed oxides show a much higher hydrothermal stability. Barium exists in the form of orthorhombic carbonate and cubic nitrate on the fresh sample. BaMnO3 nanoparticles are identified to form at the interface of CeO2 crystallites upon the hydrothermal ageing. The formation of the perovskites prohibits the sintering of ceria significantly, and consequently maintains the redox property of the aged mixed oxides to a great degree. Additionally, the nanoscaled perovskites themselves also contribute to the catalytic activity of the aged oxides catalyst.

Graphical abstractThe BaMnO3 is formed at the interface of CeO2 in Ba-impregnated MnOx–CeO2 mixed oxides after the hydrothermal ageing. Both the less sintered oxides and the formed perovskite nanoparticles contribute to the soot oxidation activity of the aged catalyst.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (238 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
MnOx–CeO2 mixed oxide; Barium modification; Perovskite; Soot oxidation; Hydrothermal ageing
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Formation of BaMnO3 in Ba/MnOx–CeO2 catalyst upon the hydrothermal ageing and its effects on oxide sintering and soot oxidation activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 253, 15 September 2015, Pages 83–88
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us