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Impact of cerium-based support oxides in catalytic wet air oxidation: Conflicting role of redox and acid–base properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53427 46969 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Impact of cerium-based support oxides in catalytic wet air oxidation: Conflicting role of redox and acid–base properties
Abstract

•Ceria-based oxides are excellent supports of metals for catalytic wet air oxidation reactions: they favor oxygen transfer from solution to metals.•Increasing redox properties (ceria doped with Zr and/or Pr) may decrease oxidation activity: basic sites block oxygen transfer by formation of carbonates.•Nitrogen containing compounds requires redox sites of medium forces. If too weak, nitrogen is transformed into ammonium ions; if too strong, nitrites and nitrates are formed.•Lewis acid sites are favorable in CWAO of phenol: less polymers are formed. Redox sites tend to favor these polymers.

High surface area ceria is an excellent support of metals (Ru, Pt, etc.) for catalytic wet air oxidation reactions (CWAO). Due to the low solubility of oxygen in water, the rate of transfer of O2 from the gas phase toward the catalyst has a decisive impact on the whole oxidation process. The role of the ceria support would be to facilitate this oxygen transfer. Redox properties of ceria (generally measured by the oxygen storage capacity, OSC) have a great impact on this step. Attempts were made to modulate the redox properties of ceria by using mixed oxides: CeO2–ZrO2, CeO2–PrO2–ZrO2 or CeO2–TiO2. In doing so, acid–base properties of the supports are also modified. The role of the redox and acid–base properties on CWAO reactions (acetic acid, aniline and phenol) are reviewed. In most cases, acid–base properties can have a great impact on the catalyst stability (deactivation by carbonates or polymer deposit). Increasing the redox properties may have an adverse effect on the catalytic performances when acid–base properties bias the whole process. In some cases (phenol over CeO2–TiO2 supported catalysts), an adequate Lewis acidity is preferable to a high OSC of the catalyst.

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Keywords
Catalytic wet air oxidation; Ceria-base supports, Cerium-zirconium oxides; Cerium-praseodymium oxides; Oxygen storage capacity, Acid–base properties of cerium-based oxides
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 253, 15 September 2015, Pages 89–98
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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