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Ethyl formate hydrogenolysis over Mo2C-based catalysts: Towards low temperature CO and CO2 hydrogenation to methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53487 46972 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Ethyl formate hydrogenolysis over Mo2C-based catalysts: Towards low temperature CO and CO2 hydrogenation to methanol
Abstract

•Mo2C-based catalysts exhibited high activities for formate hydrogenolysis.•Deposition of Cu and/or Pd onto Mo2C surface significantly enhanced selectivity.•Ethyl formate hydrogenolysis rates were first order with respect to ester.•Methanol selectivity varied significantly with acidity/basicity of supports.

Ester hydrogenolysis is a key step in the production of alcohols and new catalysts are being sought to improve the performance and sustainability of this process. Research described in this paper investigated the use of Cu, Mo2C, and Mo2N-based catalysts for the hydrogenolysis of ethyl formate at 105–150 °C and 30 bar H2. The high surface area Mo2C-based catalysts were more active and selective to methanol than the Mo2N-based catalysts. The deposition of nanoscale Cu and/or Pd particles onto the Mo2C or Mo2N resulted in significant enhancements in the methanol selectivities. The methanol selectivities varied with the acidity or basicity of the support suggesting some degree of cooperation between the Cu or Pd particles and the support. Temporal variations in rates for the Cu/Mo2C catalyst were consistent with first order kinetics with regard to ethyl formate and the activation energy was 44 kJ/mol. The best performance was achieved over a Pd-Cu/Mo2C catalyst; this material outperformed, by a significant margin, the oxide supported Cu catalysts. Given their high activities and selectivities, the Mo2C supported catalysts are attractive candidates for ester hydrogenolysis, including the intermediate step during the low temperature, cascade hydrogenation of CO and CO2 to methanol.

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Keywords
Alkyl formate hydrogenolysis; Mo carbide/nitride-based catalysts; Methanol synthesis; CO/CO2 hydrogenation
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Ethyl formate hydrogenolysis over Mo2C-based catalysts: Towards low temperature CO and CO2 hydrogenation to methanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 259, Part 2, 1 January 2016, Pages 285–291
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us