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GTL using efficient cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53491 46972 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
GTL using efficient cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts
Abstract

•Processes commercialized converting coal and gas into fuels, chemicals and power.•Fundamental understanding underpins development of Co on alumina GTL catalyst.•GTL process model defines next generation technology development targets.

Sasol has successfully commercialized a range of processes to convert coal and gas into fuels, chemicals and power. These include fused Fe catalyst in circulating and fixed fluidized bed reactors as well as precipitated Fe and Co on alumina catalysts in slurry phase reactors. The company has realized the value of integrating catalyst and reactor knowledge together with operational experience in the development of new technologies. A fundamental understanding of the requirements for catalyst manufacturing and performance has led to the successful development and scale-up of the manufacturing process of the Co on alumina GTL catalyst. A comprehensive but specific range of techniques were used to analyse and characterize the fresh and spent catalyst's structure to develop the fundamentals of its deactivation, as well as the development of a catalyst regeneration process. A detailed model of the catalyst's dynamic performance in the reactor was built and verified through a well-planned series of micro-reactor and pilot plant synthesis gas reaction tests. This model comprises of all the necessary kinetic, hydrodynamic, mass and heat transfer functions to capture the catalyst's functionality in the macro scale reaction environment. The fundamentally based reaction (catalyst and reactor) model was then used as the anchor point to build a fully functional GTL process model. A statistical data management package was interfaced with the process model to enable continuous optimization of the operating facility through tailored sets of key performance indicators. The integrated GTL process model was then used to define catalyst research and process development targets which push the technology beyond the boundaries of the current version. These include increased synthesis gas conversion, higher value product selectivity and regeneration for the catalyst; increased volumetric conversion efficiency and enhanced energy integration for synthesis gas generation. A fundamental understanding of the catalyst forms the corner stone for the advancement of GTL technology.

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Keywords
Gas to liquids; Co catalyst; Characterization; Modelling; OptimizationCFB, circulating fluidized bed; CFD, computational fluid dynamics; CSTR, continuous stirred tank; DEM, discreet element modelling; EFTEM, energy filtering transmission electron microsco
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 259, Part 2, 1 January 2016, Pages 323–330
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us