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Formic acid decomposition over palladium based catalysts doped by potassium carbonate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53509 46972 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Formic acid decomposition over palladium based catalysts doped by potassium carbonate
Abstract

•Pd catalysts on C, SiO2 and Al2O3 were studied in decomposition of HCOOH vapor.•Potassium carbonate doping led to a considerable improvement of H2 production.•A buffer solution formed in the pores of K-doped samples provided this improvement.•Formate ions in the solution were the reaction intermediates decomposing on Pd.

The introduction of potassium carbonate into Pd/Al2O3, Pd/SiO2 and Pd/C catalysts promoted both the catalytic activities and the hydrogen selectivities for the vapor-phase formic acid decomposition, giving values of the turnover frequency (TOF) at 343 K that were 8–33 times higher than those for the undoped samples. The apparent activation energies over all the K-doped samples increased considerably, this showing that there is a difference in the reaction path between the doped and the undoped catalysts. Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS) has been used to gain an understanding of the nature of the species formed in the Pd/SiO2 catalysts during the reaction. This study showed that a considerable fraction of the HCOOH was condensed in the pores of the catalysts and that the introduction of potassium contributed to the formation of buffer-like solution. The existence of mobile formate ions present in the buffer solution and stabilized by K ions in a K-doped catalyst is an essential factor in the promotion of its activity.

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Keywords
Hydrogen production; Decomposition of formic acid; K-doped Pd catalysts; Buffer solution; DRIFTS
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Formic acid decomposition over palladium based catalysts doped by potassium carbonate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 259, Part 2, 1 January 2016, Pages 453–459
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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