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Hydrocracking of the crude oil from thermal pyrolysis of municipal wastes over bi-functional Mo–Ni catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53531 46973 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Hydrocracking of the crude oil from thermal pyrolysis of municipal wastes over bi-functional Mo–Ni catalyst
Abstract

•Overall refining of crude oil from pyrolysis of municipal solid wastes was performed.•A bi-functional Mo–Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 catalyst was prepared for refining of the crude oil.•A specific preparation procedure was impregnation–precipitation and sulfurization.•NiO particle size and dispersion were controlled with urea as precipitator.•High yield of fuel oil was obtained with a good catalytic stability and regeneration.

Bi-functional Mo–Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 catalyst was prepared by loading bimetal Ni–Mo over large porous and acidic SiO2–Al2O3 substrate via impregnation–precipitation–calcination–sulfurization procedure. Highly dispersed NiO clusters were loaded with urea as a precipitator. The catalytic performance for the hydrocracking of the crude oil from thermally pyrolysis of municipal solid wastes was investigated in a fixed bed reactor. It is found that SiO2–Al2O3 composites with the mid-acidity and large pores were more suitable as the substrate than Al2O3 and Al2O3–Y(Y zeolite). Mo–Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 catalyst with 8 wt% Mo and 14 wt% Ni showed the higher reactivity and higher yield of fuel oil. Moreover, its hydrocracking reactivity could be further improved by partial sulfurization of Ni and Mo. Besides, the bi-functional Mo–Ni/SiO2–Al2O3 showed a good stability, and the deactivated catalyst could be easily regenerated by on-line combustion. Under the optimized conditions of 10 MPa, WHSV 0.3 h−1 and 698 K, the conversion of pyrolysis oil was up to 86% with 66% yield of fuel oil, greatly better than a commercial hydrocracking catalyst. The overall hydrocracking refinement converts most of the olefin, acid, ketones and poly-aromatic presented in the pyrolysis oil into alkanes, alcohols, and alkyl-aromatics, with a significant decrease of N and S contents as well as viscosity.

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Keywords
Mo–Ni/SiO2–Al2O3; Bi-functional catalyst; Pyrolysis oil; Hydrocracking; Municipal solid wastes
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Hydrocracking of the crude oil from thermal pyrolysis of municipal wastes over bi-functional Mo–Ni catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 271, 1 August 2016, Pages 172–178
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us