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Bismuth molybdates prepared by solution combustion synthesis for the partial oxidation of propene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53572 46975 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Bismuth molybdates prepared by solution combustion synthesis for the partial oxidation of propene
Abstract

•Bismuth molybdates with different Bi/Mo atomic ratios were prepared by SCS.•Fresh SCS catalysts showed outstanding acrolein selectivity and yield.•Calcination in air at 425 °C increased the purity of the SCS catalysts.•Calcination treatment affected acrolein selectivity but not propene conversion.•SCS method is suitable for preparing active catalysts.

The solution combustion method (SCS) is demonstrated as an easy and fast alternative method allowing the synthesis of mixed oxides with thermally sensitive metals, still keeping a good control on their stoichiometry and phase composition. Bismuth molybdates with different theoretical Bi/Mo atomic ratios, namely α-Bi2Mo3O12, β-Bi2Mo2O9, and γ-Bi2MoO6 were synthesized by the SCS, fully characterized by XRD, Raman, SEM/EDX, BET and XPS analyses, and tested in the partial oxidation of propene to acrolein. The SCS method allowed obtaining crystalline catalysts with Bi/Mo atomic ratios close to the theoretical values and very good catalytic properties namely high propene conversion (from 13.4 to 23.4%) and acrolein selectivity (from 71.5 to 80.0%) at 425 °C. A high purity of the SCS prepared bismuth molybdates was obtained by means of a subsequent calcination treatment. Such treatment did not alter the high catalytic activity of the catalysts, which slightly increased (from 12.3 to 25.5%), but induced a marked loss of acrolein selectivity (from 66.2 to 48.4%) at 425 °C. This effect is due to a strong increase of the oxidation states of Mo and Bi and reduction of the specific surface area during the calcination.

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Keywords
Solution combustion synthesis; Bismuth molybdates; Propene; Partial oxidation; Acrolein; Selectivity
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Bismuth molybdates prepared by solution combustion synthesis for the partial oxidation of propene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 257, Part 1, 15 November 2015, Pages 11–17
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us