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Solvothermal synthesis and characterization of mixed oxides with perovskite-like structure

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53574 46975 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Solvothermal synthesis and characterization of mixed oxides with perovskite-like structure
Abstract

•Solvothermal method was successfully used to obtain well-crystallized perovskite.•Solvothermally prepared perovskites are catalytically active in lean CH4 combustion.•The highest activity was found for LaMnO3.•Partial substitution of La by Sr lowers content of Mn4+ on the surface.

Solvothermal synthesis was successfully used to prepare LaMeO3 (Me = Mn, Co, Fe) and La1 − xSrxMnO3 (x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5), mixed oxides with perovskite-like structure. The prepared materials were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption at low temperature (BET), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), decomposition of cyclohexanol (CHOL), temperature programmed reduction with hydrogen (TPRH2), temperature programmed desorption of oxygen (TPDO2) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Furthermore, catalytic activity for combustion of 0.6% vol. methane in air (GHSV = 40 000 h−1) was determined.All prepared materials are nanocrystalline and well-crystallized, and they exhibit relatively well-developed specific surface area (9.2–39.2 m2/g). The trigonal structure of the Mn-containing samples corresponds to the structure of the high-temperature bulk phase, which cannot be recovered at ambient conditions. Generally, the Mn-containing materials exhibit higher SSA, more basic character of the surface, lower temperature of maximum H2 consumption and higher catalytic activity in lean methane combustion than the corresponding Co- and Fe-based nanocrystals. The highest catalytic activity for lean methane combustion (100% of CH4 conversion at 451 °C) is observed for LaMnO3. A partial substitution of La by Sr lowers content of Mn4+ on the surface of the corresponding materials, resulting in lower catalytic activity in lean methane combustion.

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Keywords
Catalytic methane combustion; Perovskite; Solvothermal synthesis
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Solvothermal synthesis and characterization of mixed oxides with perovskite-like structure
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 257, Part 1, 15 November 2015, Pages 26–34
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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