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Influence of structural parameters on the reaction of low temperature ethanol steam reforming over Pt/Al2O3 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53598 46977 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Influence of structural parameters on the reaction of low temperature ethanol steam reforming over Pt/Al2O3 catalysts
Abstract

•The role of metal crystallite size on ethanol steam reforming at low temperatures was demonstrated.•The key step for ethanol reforming at low temperatures is ethanol dehydrogenation.•Catalytic activity increases significantly with increasing Pt crystallite size.•Ethanol dehydrogenation is favored on Pt terrace sites of multiple Pt atoms.

The effect of mean metal crystallite size on activity and selectivity of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts under conditions of ethanol steam reforming at low temperatures was investigated. It was found that catalytic activity is strongly influenced by metal crystallite size. Normalized turnover frequency (TOF divided by the length of the perimeter of the metal–support interface) increases by three orders of magnitude with increasing platinum crystallite size from 0.9 to 16.8 nm. Reaction is initiated by dehydrogenation of ethanol over the Pt surface, a reaction which is significantly enhanced over large Pt crystallites. Evidence is provided that the active sites for ethanol/adsorption dehydrogenation are platinum terrace sites of multiple Pt atoms, and that this may be the key step for ethanol reforming at low temperatures.

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Keywords
Ethanol steam reforming; Platinum; Al2O3; Metal crystallite size
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Influence of structural parameters on the reaction of low temperature ethanol steam reforming over Pt/Al2O3 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 258, Part 2, 1 December 2015, Pages 247–255
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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