Silver-based catalytic materials for the simultaneous removal of soot and NOx
•Ag–Ba/MO (CeO2, ZrO2, Al2O3) and Ag–Sr/CeO2 catalysts are active in soot oxidation.•Onset oxidation temperature is lower than in traditional Pt-based catalysts.•Ag-based samples are able to simultaneously remove both soot and NOx.•The Ba-containing systems showed higher NOx storage capacity than Sr-catalyst.
The potential of silver-based catalysts in the simultaneous removal of particulate matter (soot) and NOx is investigated in this work and compared with that of a model Pt–Ba/Al2O3 catalyst. The Ag (5 wt%) – Ba (10 wt%)/MO (MO = CeO2, ZrO2, Al2O3) and Ag (5 wt%) – Sr (10 wt%)/CeO2 catalysts have been prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized by BET, XRD, HRTEM, XPS and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) experiments. The behavior of the catalyst in the soot combustion (under loose conditions) and NOx removal has been separately analyzed by means of temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) and isothermal concentration step change (ICSC) experiments, respectively. The results show that all the catalysts are active in soot combustion with a significant decrease of oxidation onset temperature compared to uncatalyzed soot oxidation. The removal of NOx in the absence and in the presence of soot was investigated under cycling conditions, i.e. alternating lean–rich phases according to the LNT strategy. It has been found that the Ag-based samples are able to simultaneously remove soot and NOx. In particular, comparing the behavior of the prepared catalysts, the Ba-containing systems showed higher NOx storage capacity than Sr-catalyst; also, the nitrogen selectivity increased even if resulted lower than the traditional LNT Pt-based catalyst. A detrimental effect of soot on the NOx storage activity has been also observed.
Graphical abstractAg-based catalysts promote the catalytic oxidation of soot decreasing the combustion temperature.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (167 K)Download as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 258, Part 2, 1 December 2015, Pages 405–415