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La/Sr-based perovskites as soot oxidation catalysts for Gasoline Particulate Filters

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53628 46977 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
La/Sr-based perovskites as soot oxidation catalysts for Gasoline Particulate Filters
Abstract

•La0.6Sr0.4BO3 perovskites (with B = Fe, Mn or Ti) synthesized by a complex route.•Regeneration of Gasoline Particulate Filters.•Catalytic performances for soot combustion under low oxygen partial pressures.•Link between perovskites reducibility and catalytic performances.•Mn-based perovskites suitable to oxidize soot in gasoline direct injection engine exhausts.

La0.6Sr0.4BO3 type-perovskites (with B = Fe, Mn or Ti) were synthesized by a complex route from the thermal decomposition of the chelated nitrate precursors, as soot oxidation catalysts under low oxygen partial pressures. The nature of the B-site cation modifies the morphology, the structural symmetry, the charge compensation mechanism and the redox properties. The generation of oxygen vacancies is predominant in LSF while an increase in the oxidation state of B cations occurs in LSM and LST, respectively. A direct link was established between the reducibility of the perovskites and their ability to oxidize soot. Fe and Mn-based perovskites exhibit similar catalytic behaviors, superior to LST, which are attributed to the presence of oxygen vacancies in LSF and Mn4+ cations in LSM. This latter redox property is particularly suitable to oxidize soot at low oxygen partial pressures, as encountered in gasoline direct injection engine exhausts.

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Keywords
Perovskite-type catalysts; Soot oxidation; Gasoline direct injection engines; Reducibility
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La/Sr-based perovskites as soot oxidation catalysts for Gasoline Particulate Filters
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 258, Part 2, 1 December 2015, Pages 525–534
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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