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Nanoscale metal−organic frameworks for combined photodynamic & radiation therapy in cancer treatment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5366 370 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Nanoscale metal−organic frameworks for combined photodynamic & radiation therapy in cancer treatment
Abstract

Nanoscale metal organic frameworks (NMOFs) have shown great potential in biomedicine owing to their structural/chemical diversities, high molecular loading capacities, and intrinsic biodegradability. Herein, we report the rational design of a NMOF composed by hafnium (Hf4+) and tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP). In such Hf-TCPP NMOFs, while TCPP is a photosensitizer to allow photodynamic therapy (PDT), Hf4+ with strong X-ray attenuation ability could serve as a radio-sensitizer to enhance radiotherapy (RT). Those NMOFs with polyethylene glycol (PEG) coating show efficient tumor homing upon intravenous injection, and thus could be used for in vivo combined RT & PDT, achieving a remarkable anti-tumor effect. Importantly, Hf-TCPP NMOFs show efficient clearance from the mouse body, minimizing concerns regarding their possible long-term toxicity. Our work thus presents a new concept of developing multifunctional NMOFs as a biodegradable carrier-free system, in which both metal ions and organic ligands are fully utilized to exert their therapeutic functions.

Keywords
Nanoscale metal−organic framework; Photodynamic therapy; Radiation therapy; Combination therapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 97, August 2016, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us