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Effect of water addition on the simultaneous liquid-phase etherification of isobutene and isoamylenes with ethanol over amberlyst™ 35

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53664 46978 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of water addition on the simultaneous liquid-phase etherification of isobutene and isoamylenes with ethanol over amberlyst™ 35
Abstract

•The effect of water on the simultaneous synthesis of ETBE and TAEE is studied.•Water favors hydration of the olefins hampering etherification and dimerization.•Water competes with reactants for the active sites.•The strongest inhibitory effect was observed on dimerization reactions.•Dry bioethanol can be used as reactant avoiding sulfonic groups’ dissociation.

The simultaneous liquid-phase etherification of isobutene and isoamylenes with ethanol has been carried out at 353 K over Amberlyst™ 35. The initial molar ratios of alcohol/olefins and isobutene/isoamylenes were both maintained constant at 0.5 and 1, respectively. The effect of water presence on the reaction system has been studied by the addition of water to the initial reactant mixture, ranging from 0 to 1 wt.%. Under experimental conditions, product distribution, as well as etherification reaction rates, have been clearly affected by the addition of water. Water favors the formation of tertiary alcohols through olefins hydration because of its preferential adsorption on the active sites, while it hinders etherification and dimerization reactions. The inhibitory effect of water was more noticeable on dimerization than on etherification. Based on specific theories about the dissociation of the active sites from the catalytic network, the amount of water required to dissociate all the sulfonic groups has been estimated. Finally, the feasibility of the bioethanol use as a reactant has also been evaluated.

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Keywords
Olefins hydration; Simultaneous liquid-phase etherification; ETBE and TAEE; Bioethanol
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Effect of water addition on the simultaneous liquid-phase etherification of isobutene and isoamylenes with ethanol over amberlyst™ 35
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 256, Part 2, 1 November 2015, Pages 336–346
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us