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Effect of microwave-assisted hydrothermal process parameters on formation of different TiO2 nanostructures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53678 46979 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of microwave-assisted hydrothermal process parameters on formation of different TiO2 nanostructures
Abstract

•TiO2 nanostructures were synthesized by microwave hydrothermal process.•Effects of temperature, NaOH concentration and processing time were studied.•A phase diagram was presented to understand the formation of TiO2 nanostructures.•Mechanism of the formation of TiO2 nanostructures has been proposed.

TiO2 nanostructures by the hydrothermal process can be potential materials in the various fields of application due to their inherent ion-exchange capabilities and unique morphologies. However, to effectively utilize these nanostructures, their phase, and the formation mechanism with various synthesis parameters need to be fully understood for maximizing their potential. In this study, nanostructured TiO2 are fabricated by using microwave method with various experimental parameters such as in different NaOH concentrations of 4, 6, 8, and 10 M at different hydrothermal treatment temperatures of 100, 120, 140, 150 °C, and for the different reaction time of 1, 2, 3, 4 h. The phase and composition of different nanostructures were studied by using X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Morphologies of nanostructures were observed by Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The optical property of the nanostructures was confirmed through the absorption behavior using UV–vis spectrophotometer. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) was used to calculate the band gap energies. To confirm the basic properties of the TiO2 nanostructures, the specific surface area was compared. The TiO2 nanostructures fabricated by microwave hydrothermal process have been classified according to the different NaOH concentrations, reaction temperatures, and time. The photocatalytic dye decomposition test for different TiO2 nanostructures was performed under the simulated solar light irradiation.

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Keywords
Microwave hydrothermal process; TiO2 nanostructure; P25; NaOH
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Effect of microwave-assisted hydrothermal process parameters on formation of different TiO2 nanostructures
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 266, 15 May 2016, Pages 46–52
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us