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Impact of sulfonated hydrothermal carbon texture and surface chemistry on its catalytic performance in esterification reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53721 46981 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Impact of sulfonated hydrothermal carbon texture and surface chemistry on its catalytic performance in esterification reaction
Abstract

•Hydrothermal carbon was calcined at several temperatures and further sulfonated.•773 K is the turning point in catalytic activity and textural properties.•Below 773 K, catalysts are more active, with non-permanent ultramicropores.•At 773 K or above, catalysts have permanent porosity but are less active.•Deactivation occurs by surface esterification below and pore blocking above 773 K.

A carbon material consisting of interconnected spheres of around 350 nm diameter has been prepared by hydrothermal synthesis at 453 K. Subsequently, the hydrothermal carbon (HTC) has been treated in N2 at different temperatures, 573, 673, 773, 973 K, giving rise to materials with similar spherical morphology but different microporous structure and oxygen content. Concerning porosity, the materials ranged from carbon formed exclusively by ultramicropores (<0.7 nm) to carbons with wider micropores. Concomitantly to the widening of micropores, the amount of oxygenated surface groups decrease as heat treatment temperature of HTC increases. Sulfonated carbon catalysts were prepared thereof and tested in the esterification of palmitic acid with methanol. The catalysts were benchmarked with a commercial activated carbon consisting of micro and mesopores that was sulfonated by the same method. The prepared materials showed significantly different catalytic activity and deactivation mechanisms, which have been explained on the basis of their different textural properties and oxygenated surface group content.

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Keywords
Sulfonated hydrothermal carbon; Sulfonic solids; Esterification; Deactivation; Acid catalysts
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Impact of sulfonated hydrothermal carbon texture and surface chemistry on its catalytic performance in esterification reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 249, 1 July 2015, Pages 153–160
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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