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Preferential oxidation of CO in a hydrogen-rich stream over Au/MOx/Al2O3 (M = La, Ce, and Mg) catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53781 46984 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Preferential oxidation of CO in a hydrogen-rich stream over Au/MOx/Al2O3 (M = La, Ce, and Mg) catalysts
Abstract

•The preferential oxidation of CO (CO-PROX) under excess hydrogen was investigated.•Au/MOx/Al2O3 (M = La, Ce, and Mg) catalysts were compared for CO-PROX.•Au/La2O3/Al2O3 showed the highest activity among them.•The smaller metallic gold particles were most plausible for this reaction.•Au/La2O3/Al2O3 catalyst showed a stable CO-PROX performance in the presence of CO2.

The preferential oxidation of CO (CO-PROX) under excess hydrogen over Au/MOx/Al2O3 (M = La, Ce, and Mg) catalysts was investigated. All catalysts were prepared by a deposition-precipitation method with urea and characterized with inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy, N2 physisorption, temperature-programmed reduction, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, in-situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The catalytic activity of the supported gold catalysts was found to be dependent on the promoter, and decreased in the order: Au/La2O3/Al2O3 > Au/CeO2/Al2O3 > Au/MgO/Al2O3 > Au/Al2O3. The catalytic activity of the Au/La2O3/Al2O3 catalyst depended on the pretreatment conditions, i.e., reduction with aqueous NaBH4, thermal reduction with H2, and calcination with O2. This indicates that the oxidation state of gold is an important factor in the activity of the catalyst, and that metallic gold is more suitable than its oxidized form for this reaction. XPS results revealed that the treatment with aqueous NaBH4 resulted in more negative charge in gold particles than that of conventional thermal reduction under H2. Smaller gold particles appeared to be favorable for the low-temperature CO-PROX activity of the Au/La2O3/Al2O3 catalysts, which showed stable CO-PROX performance, even in the presence of CO2.

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Keywords
Gold catalyst; Preferential oxidation of CO; Support effect; Gold size effect; Pretreatment effect
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Preferential oxidation of CO in a hydrogen-rich stream over Au/MOx/Al2O3 (M = La, Ce, and Mg) catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 265, 1 May 2016, Pages 19–26
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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