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Albumin-binding caspase-cleavable prodrug that is selectively activated in radiation exposed local tumor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5382 371 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Albumin-binding caspase-cleavable prodrug that is selectively activated in radiation exposed local tumor
Abstract

Existence of the genomically and epigenomically diverse subclones in a tumor severely limits the therapeutic efficacy of targeted agents. To overcome such a limitation, we prepared a novel targeted prodrug, EMC-DEVD-S-DOX, which comprises two important features: radiation-induced apoptosis targeting and albumin-binding properties. In particular, the prodrug binds circulating albumin after intravenous administration and then activated by caspase-3, which is upregulated from apoptotic cells that responded to radiotherapy. The prodrug was designed to bind circulating albumin to extend half-life and facilitate tumor accumulation in order to increase the possibility of contacting caspase-3, which is only transiently upregulated during apoptosis. Our results showed that EMC-DEVD-S-DOX had a prolonged half-life with enhanced tumor accumulation, which clearly benefited the therapeutic effect of the prodrug. Also, agreeing with the in vitro studies that showed ignorable cytotoxic effect in the absence of caspase-3, the prodrug was effective only when combined with radiotherapy without any noticeable systemic toxicity in vivo. Due to the highly selective action of EMC-DEVD-S-DOX independent to the complex genomic profiles of tumor, the prodrug would overcome the limitation of current targeted therapy and potentiate radiotherapy in the clinical oncology.

Keywords
Albumin; Apoptosis; Caspase; Drug delivery; Prodrug; Radiotherapy
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Albumin-binding caspase-cleavable prodrug that is selectively activated in radiation exposed local tumor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 94, July 2016, Pages 1–8
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us