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Chemical energy storage in gaseous hydrocarbons via iron Fischer–Tropsch synthesis from H2/CO2—Kinetics, selectivity and process considerations

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53833 46986 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Chemical energy storage in gaseous hydrocarbons via iron Fischer–Tropsch synthesis from H2/CO2—Kinetics, selectivity and process considerations
Abstract

•Short chain gaseous hydrocarbons can be produced from H2/CO2 using 100 Fe/2 K (g/g) catalyst.•Catalyst activity strongly influenced by high (H2O/H2)out (oxidation potential).•(H2/CO2)in is the most promising parameter to reduce the oxidation potential.•Kinetic parameters calculated for CO2-shift and FT reactions using 100 Fe/2 K (g/g).

The potential of a new practical application of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis is investigated, the production of C2–4 components to increase the heating value of substitute natural gas (SNG), starting from CO2 and H2, produced from renewable electricity. This process route offers the possibility to convert electrical energy into chemical energy. The resulting chemical energy carrier can be stored in the natural gas grid, easy to distribute.An iron-based catalyst promoted with potassium (100 g Fe/2 g K) is studied over a wide range of operation conditions to investigate its suitability to produce C2–C4 components from H2/CO2 mixtures. The achieved hydrocarbon distribution (α = 0.2–0.3) allows for the production of Substitute Natural Gas components (68 C% C1, 30 C% C2–C4, C5+ approx. 2 C%). The catalyst stability is good, at least for 50 days. The hydrocarbon selectivity remains almost constant during the experiment, methane becoming slightly more predominant over time. Catalyst activity seems to be strongly influenced by the (H2O/H2)out ratio (possibly due to oxidation), which correlates with CO2 conversion. At high values of (H2O/H2)out, the activity of the catalyst seems to change and cannot be described using the same reaction rate kinetics determined for lower (H2O/H2)out values. The maximal CO2 conversion achieved is 44% (p = 2 Mpa, (H2/CO2)in = 8). Experimental results show that higher conversions could not be achieved neither with an increase in temperature nor in modified residence time. The H2/CO2 inlet ratio is the most promising parameter to reach high CO2 conversions without a high oxidation potential in the product gas. Interesting catalytic effects have been identified, however experimental results will be supported by additional work in order to get a better understanding of the CO2 hydrogenation under Fischer–Tropsch conditions with iron catalysts.

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Keywords
Iron catalyst; Fischer–Tropsch; CO2 hydrogenation; Water vapor; SNG
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Chemical energy storage in gaseous hydrocarbons via iron Fischer–Tropsch synthesis from H2/CO2—Kinetics, selectivity and process considerations
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 242, Part A, 15 March 2015, Pages 184–192
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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