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Plasma N2-fixation: 1900–2014

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53944 46990 2015 18 PDF Available
Title
Plasma N2-fixation: 1900–2014
Abstract

•Literature on plasma nitric oxide and ammonia synthesis is critically analyzed.•High energy consumption and low N2 conversion are the main issues.•Plasma type, reactor configurations, plasma catalysis and heat transfer improvement are discussed.•Detailed analysis on energy requirement in plasma nitrogen fixation is presented.•Future prospect for the industrialization of plasma chemical process is discussed.

Nitrogen is the most basic element responsible for the growth of living creatures on earth. Chemical nitrogen fixation process is one of the most important chemical processes, which sustains the growing global population. Wherein the life changing Haber-Bosch process comes into the picture, which produces more than 130 million tons of ammonia per year by consuming ∼1–2% of the world's total energy consumption and sustains ∼40% of the world's population. Several efforts have been invested to develop an energy efficient alternative to this not-so-environmentally-friendly process. Nitric oxide and ammonia synthesis, with plasma as an alternative energy form, have been investigated extensively over the last 100 years. This review covers the important findings in the field of plasma nitrogen fixation and critically analyzes the studies reported from 1900 to 2014.

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Keywords
Plasma nitrogen fixation; Nitric oxide; Ammonia; Plasma catalysis; Energy efficiency
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 256, Part 1, 1 November 2015, Pages 49–66
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us