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Catalyst screening for acetone removal in a single-stage plasma-catalysis system

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53951 46990 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Catalyst screening for acetone removal in a single-stage plasma-catalysis system
Abstract

•Plasma-catalytic removal of acetone over MOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts is investigated.•Placing catalysts in the plasma enhances acetone removal and CO2 selectivity.•Combining plasma with MOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts reduces the formation of by-products.•CuOx/γ-Al2O3 catalyst shows the best plasma-catalytic performance in this study.•The reducibility of catalysts plays an important role in the removal of acetone.

Plasma-catalytic removal of acetone over MOx/γ-Al2O3 (M = Ce, Co, Cu, Mn and Ni) catalysts has been investigated in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor. The influence of different catalysts on the plasma-catalytic process has been examined in terms of acetone removal efficiency, CO2 selectivity and the formation of by-products. The combination of plasma with the MOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts significantly enhances the removal efficiency of acetone and CO2 selectivity, whilst substantially reducing the formation of by-products (HCHO and HCOOH). The maximum removal efficiency of 94.2% and CO2 selectivity of 80.1% were achieved when using the CuOx/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. Introducing the CuOx/γ-Al2O3 catalyst into the plasma system also shows the lowest formation of by-products. Different catalyst characterization techniques have been used to understand the effect of catalyst properties on the plasma reactions. It has been found that the reducibility of the MOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts plays a dominant role in the plasma-catalytic oxidation of acetone, whilst the specific surface area and pore properties of the catalysts have a very weak effect on the performance of the plasma-catalytic reaction. In addition, a simplified kinetic model has been developed, showing the effect of different catalysts on the acceleration of the plasma-catalytic removal of acetone.

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Keywords
Plasma-catalysis; Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD); Acetone; Metal oxide; Supported catalysts
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Catalyst screening for acetone removal in a single-stage plasma-catalysis system
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 256, Part 1, 1 November 2015, Pages 108–114
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us