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Certain nitrogen functionalities on carbon nanofiber support for improving platinum performance

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53963 46990 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Certain nitrogen functionalities on carbon nanofiber support for improving platinum performance
Abstract

•Certain nitrogen functionalities can be introduced into carbon nanofiber network by plasma modification.•Plasma modification can preserve the highly graphitic structure of carbon nanofiber support.•N-modified CNF exhibits a significant improvement in Pt electrochemical activity and stability than pristine CNF support.•Pt/CNF–NH3 electrode exhibits the highest Pt utilization, electrochemical activity, and poisoning-resistance ability.

Nitrogen (N) modification of carbon nanomaterial, which plays a critical role in improving platinum (Pt) performance, has shown fascinating applications. N-doped carbon nanofiber (CNF)-supported platinum catalysts were produced by an approach combined of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition and in situ plasma activation. This approach can successfully introduce nitrogen functionalities into a carbon network, and at the same time, preserve the highly graphitic structure of the carbon support. XPS results indicate that NH3 plasma modification mainly creates pyridinic nitrogen functionalities, while N2 plasma modification mainly increases the percentage of pyrrolic nitrogen in the carbon network, which suggests a modification of certain nitrogen functionalities on the carbon support. By correlating TEM and XPS data with electrochemical measurements, we conclude that the N-modified CNF exhibits a significant improvement in Pt electrochemical activity and stability than pristine CNF support and Pt/CNF–NH3 electrode with smallest Pt particle size, highest percentage of pyridinic nitrogen, exhibits the highest Pt utilization, electrochemical activity, and poisoning-resistance ability. Our study gives both insights on the influence of N modification of the carbon support in platinum catalytic effectiveness and a route for formation of certain nitrogen functionalities on the carbon support. This will be important for the further development of Pt catalysts.

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Keywords
Nitrogen functionalities; Carbon nanofiber; Plasma modification; Platinum electrocatalytic activity; Durability
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Certain nitrogen functionalities on carbon nanofiber support for improving platinum performance
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 256, Part 1, 1 November 2015, Pages 193–202
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us