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Esterification of levulinic acid with ethanol over sulfated mesoporous zirconosilicates: Influences of the preparation conditions on the structural properties and catalytic performances

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53972 46991 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Esterification of levulinic acid with ethanol over sulfated mesoporous zirconosilicates: Influences of the preparation conditions on the structural properties and catalytic performances
Abstract

•Sulfated mesoporous zirconosilicates were synthesized via two different procedures.•Ethyl levulinate was produced from levulinic acid and ethanol with high yields.•The catalytic activity far outperformed that of the conventional sulfated zirconia.•A distinct correlation was observed between the activity and density of acid sites.•The catalyst could afford levulinate ester directly from cellulosic sugars.

Levulinic acid is considered one of the most important biomass-derived chemicals owing to its potential as a versatile building block to synthesize valuable fuels and chemicals. Levulinate esters, such as methyl levulinate and ethyl levulinate obtained via esterification of levulinic acid with alcohols, can in particular be used as fuel additives and plasticizers, and thus have a potential to replace a significant amount of petroleum-derived chemical feedstocks. In this article, sulfated zirconosilicates having P6mm hexagonal mesoporous structure were applied as solid acid catalysts to the esterification of levulinic acid with ethanol to produce ethyl levulinate, and the influences of preparation conditions on the structural properties and catalytic performances were investigated. A distinct correlation was observed between the catalytic activity and the density of acid sites, showing that dispersibility of the acid sites and the associated accessibility of the organic reactants play an important role in determining the overall activity. Among the catalysts tested, sulfated Zr–SBA-15 with optimum Zr content (Si/Zr ratio of 10.7) was found to be the best catalyst, the activity of which was far superior to that of conventional sulfated ZrO2. In addition, direct conversion of cellulosic sugars (glucose and fructose) into levulinate esters was also examined.

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Keywords
Biomass conversion; Levulinic acid; Esterification; Solid acid catalyst; Mesoporous zirconosilicate
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Esterification of levulinic acid with ethanol over sulfated mesoporous zirconosilicates: Influences of the preparation conditions on the structural properties and catalytic performances
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 237, 15 November 2014, Pages 18–28
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us