Ethanol conversion to hydrocarbons on HZSM-5: Effect of reaction conditions and Si/Al ratio on the product distributions
•At early time-on-stream the product distribution consists primarily of aromatic and paraffin compounds.•The naphthene and olefin composition increases with catalyst time-on-stream.•Change in acid density/strength and catalyst pore size cause the product distribution change with time-on-stream.
The Conversion of ethanol to hydrocarbon over HZSM-5 zeolite with different Si/Al ratios was investigated under various reaction conditions. The catalyst with a higher Si/Al ratio (low acid density) deactivated faster and generated more unsaturated compounds at a similar time-on-stream. Temperature affects the catalytic activity with respect to liquid hydrocarbon generation and the hydrocarbon product composition. At lower temperatures (∼300 °C), the catalyst deactivated faster with respect to the liquid hydrocarbon formation. Higher temperatures (∼400 °C) reduced the formation of liquid range hydrocarbons and formed more gaseous fractions. Weight hourly space velocity was also found to affect product selectivity with higher weight hourly space velocity leading to a higher extent of ethylene formation. The experimental results were analyzed in terms of the product composition and the coke content with respect to catalyst time-on-stream and compared with the catalyst lifetime with respect to the variables tested on the conversion of ethanol to hydrocarbon.
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Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 237, 15 November 2014, Pages 89–99