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Two-step conversion of LLCN olefins to strong anti-knocking alcohol mixtures catalysed by Rh, Ru/TPPTS complexes in aqueous media

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54021 46993 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Two-step conversion of LLCN olefins to strong anti-knocking alcohol mixtures catalysed by Rh, Ru/TPPTS complexes in aqueous media
Abstract

•Increase of oxygen on the fuel by producing favourable strong anti-knocking alcohol mixtures.•An environmentally benign vs. harmful gasoline ether oxygenates process.•A real refinery light–light cracked naphtha as substrate in aqueous two-phase catalytic reactions.•High conversion under mild conditions and at short reaction time.•Positive salt effect in the aqueous biphasic hydrogenation of complicated real mixtures.

A two-step conversion of light–light cracked naphtha (LLCN) olefins to strong anti-knocking alcohol mixtures is proposed as a potential solution to the serious negative aspects from the use of gasoline ether oxygenates (MTBE, ETBE, TAME) from the refineries. Aqueous biphasic Rh/TPPTS-catalysed hydroformylation reaction of olefins present in a Greek refinery naphtha cut comprises the first part of the two-step proposed process. The second part of the proposed LLCN upgrade process is the in situ hydrogenation of the produced aldehydes to the corresponding alcohols catalysed by Ru/TPPTS complex in aqueous media. Both catalytic systems of Rh/TPPTS and Ru/TPPTS have been generated in situ by direct addition of the corresponding catalyst precursors to TPPTS in aqueous media; and they were revealed as effective catalytic systems for biphasic hydroformylation and biphasic hydrogenation of complicated mixtures, respectively. The ultimate fuel will contain more oxygen; it will have better combustion properties and higher octane numbers.

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Keywords
Naphtha; Refinery process; Aqueous biphasic hydroformylation; Aqueous biphasic hydrogenation; Ruthenium; Rhodium/TPPTS
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Two-step conversion of LLCN olefins to strong anti-knocking alcohol mixtures catalysed by Rh, Ru/TPPTS complexes in aqueous media
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 247, 1 June 2015, Pages 132–138
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us