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Theoretical study on the reaction mechanisms of the aldol-condensation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with acetone catalyzed by MgO and MgO+

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54046 46994 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Theoretical study on the reaction mechanisms of the aldol-condensation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with acetone catalyzed by MgO and MgO+
Abstract

•The reaction mechanism involves the crucial reaction steps of H-shift and CC bond formation.•The rate-determining step is concerning to the H-shift.•Water serves as a bridge in the H-shift reaction step.•MgO+ exhibits better catalytic performance than MgO.•Both the Lewis acidity and Brønsted basicity of active sites are beneficial.

The reaction mechanisms and the turnover frequencies of the aldol-condensation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) with acetone catalyzed by the neutral MgO and the cationic MgO+ have been theoretically investigated at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level, using the polarizable continuum model in aqueous solution at the temperature of 326 K. The aldol-condensation of HMF with acetone catalyzed by the neutral MgO or the cationic MgO+ is thermodynamically favorable. The reaction mechanism involves the crucial reaction steps of H-shift and CC bond formation, while the rate-determining step is concerned to the H-shift. The Lewis acidity of the cationic MgO+ makes it exhibit better catalytic performance than the neutral MgO. Water, as a bridge in the H-shift, interacts with both the neutral MgO and the cationic MgO+ moieties, leading to the Brønsted basicity, and then promoting the catalytic performance both of the neutral MgO and the cationic MgO+. Both the Lewis acidity and Brønsted basicity of active sites can enhance the catalytic performance in the aldol-condensation of HMF with acetone.

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Keywords
Aldol-condensation; 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural; MgO; MgO+; Water
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Theoretical study on the reaction mechanisms of the aldol-condensation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with acetone catalyzed by MgO and MgO+
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 245, 1 May 2015, Pages 100–107
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us