Effect of the balance between Co(II) and Co(0) oxidation states on the catalytic activity of cobalt catalysts for Ethanol Steam Reforming
•Cobalt catalyst supported on alumina for ethanol steam reforming reactions.•In situ and operando Quick-XAS combined with Raman spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.•The calcination temperature influences the interaction of cobalt with support.•The equilibrium between Co2+/Co0 ratio equilibrated ethanol conversion and carbon oxidation.
Changes of the oxidation state of cobalt species during activation under H2 gas and ethanol steam reforming reaction on Co/Al2O3 were investigated using time-resolved operando Quick-XAS analysis. Prior to activation and reaction, the catalysts were calcined at two different temperatures: 450 and 600 °C, the cobalt species of the as-calcined catalysts are slightly different depending on the temperature of calcination. At the end of activation the same amount of metallic cobalt (∼63%) was detected for both catalysts calcined at different temperatures. The cobalt species interacted more strongly with the support in the catalyst calcined at 600 °C, what resulted in the formation of more cobalt aluminate species and lower amount of Co2+. A relationship between the catalytic performance of catalyst and the molar ratio of Co2+/Co0 was established: deactivation of catalysts mainly occurred by carbon deposition, however the control of Co2+/Co0 ratio helped to equilibrate the steps of ethanol activation and carbon oxidation, resulting in stable catalysts. The catalysts calcined at 450 °C were more stable and exhibited higher hydrogen selectivity.
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Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 229, 15 June 2014, Pages 88–94