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Hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass-derived glycerol over Ni-based catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54138 46998 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass-derived glycerol over Ni-based catalysts
Abstract

•We prepare spherical Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts for the steam reforming of glycerol.•We examine effect of calcination temperatures (750, 850, and 950 °C) and the promotion of various alkaline metals (K, Ca, Sr).•Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst prepared at high calcination temperatures showed lower formation of carbon after the steam reforming of glycerol.•Sr–Ni/γ-Al2O3 had the best stability against the formation of carbon during the steam reforming of glycerol.

The steam reforming of bio-glycerol for the production of hydrogen has been investigated in a fixed-bed reactor containing spherical particle of Ni supported on γ-Al2O3 as catalyst. Several catalysts were prepared by the dry impregnation method at different calcination temperatures (750–950 °C) with/without the addition of various alkaline promoters (K, Ca, Sr). The physical and chemical properties of the prepared catalysts were characterized by nitrogen (N2) physisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed reduction, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy techniques. The Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts showed a high glycerol conversion and hydrogen selectivity, however they gradually deactivated due to the formation of carbon over those catalysts.Nevertheless, it was found that the catalysts calcined at high temperatures could inhibit the formation of carbon without affecting the glycerol conversion and hydrogen selectivity. The addition of alkaline promoters caused a slight decrease in the glycerol conversion, but also reduced the formation of carbon and thereby increased the long-term stability of the catalyst.

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Keywords
Glycerol; Steam reforming; Nickel catalyst; Calcination; Alkali promoter; Carbon formation
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Hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass-derived glycerol over Ni-based catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 228, 1 June 2014, Pages 145–151
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us