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Synthesis and catalytic evaluation in the Heck reaction of deposited palladium catalysts immobilized via amide linkers and their molecular analogues

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54177 46999 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis and catalytic evaluation in the Heck reaction of deposited palladium catalysts immobilized via amide linkers and their molecular analogues
Abstract

•Palladium catalysts were prepared from silica gel modified with donor-amide groups.•The deposited Pd catalysts were evaluated in the Heck reaction.•Catalytic performance varied with the nature of the donor atoms.•The catalysts acted as source of active metal for the reaction in the liquid phase.

A series of deposited palladium catalysts was prepared by amidation of 3-aminopropylated silica gel with donor-functionalized acetic acids followed by treatment with palladium(II) acetate. The resulting materials containing YCH2CONH(CH2)3Si groups at the surface, where Y = SMe, NMe2, and PPh2, as well as the corresponding catalysts generated in situ from the analogous molecular donors YCH2CONH(CH2)2Me and palladium(II) acetate were evaluated in the Heck reaction of n-butyl acrylate with bromobenzene to give n-butyl cinnamate. The heterogenized catalysts afforded consistently better yields of the coupling product than their respective molecular counterparts with the best results being achieved with the catalyst obtained from the amidoamine-functionalized support (Y = NMe2). Additional tests revealed that the deposited catalysts serve as a source of active metal for the reaction occurring in the liquid phase and that the yield of the coupling product is controlled by the amount of the leached-out metal.

Graphical abstractA series of deposited Pd catalyst was prepared using donor-functionalized silica gels as the supports and evaluated in the Heck reaction of n-butyl acrylate with bromobenzene under varying reaction conditions. These catalysts, acting as a source of active metal, afforded better yields of the coupling product than their homogeneous counterparts.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (93 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Deposited catalysts; Palladium; Amide linkers; Heck reaction; Poisoning tests
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Synthesis and catalytic evaluation in the Heck reaction of deposited palladium catalysts immobilized via amide linkers and their molecular analogues
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 227, 15 May 2014, Pages 207–214
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us