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The influence of microporosity creation in highly mesoporous N-containing carbons obtained from chitosan on their catalytic and electrochemical properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54179 46999 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
The influence of microporosity creation in highly mesoporous N-containing carbons obtained from chitosan on their catalytic and electrochemical properties
Abstract

•Modification of mesoporous carbons’ surface using ZnCl2 or KOH is recommended for microporosity creation, as opposite to CO2.•The studied carbons exhibited BET surface area up to 1800 m2/g, and capacitance up to 245 F/g.•The diameter of pores within the range of 0.7–0.9 nm is required for SO2 oxidation.•Slightly smaller pores (0.6 nm) provide high capacitance. These narrowest pores were generated after activation with KOH.

Highly mesoporous novel nitrogen-containing, silica templated carbons, obtained from chitosan were described in the present study to demonstrate the effects of ZnCl2, KOH and CO2, widely used carbon activators, on the development of their micro/mesoporsity by means of nitrogen sorption, elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, cyclic voltammetry and SO2 oxidation reaction. The latter two activation methods were post-synthesis treatments as opposite to the first one in which ZnCl2 was added directly to the solution of colloidal silica template and chitosan. We confirmed that chemical activation using KOH or ZnCl2 generates microporosity as opposite to physical activation which only slightly enhances micro/mesoporosity. All the activation methods studied resulted in a wider mesopore size distribution. The KOH was the most effective activator for the creation of narrow micropores with the diameter of ca. 0.6 nm, and it was the most widely used one.The microporosity development was also reflected in capacitance measured in 6 M KOH solution and high rate of catalytic SO2 oxidation in solution. The higher the activation temperature the less the nitrogen was preserved in the structure modified with KOH. No significant changes in nitrogen percentage have been found after two other activation treatments.Microporosity development reflects in an improvement of the ability to accumulate the charge and an increase in a rate of SO2 oxidation in solution. The studied carbons exhibited a specific surface area up to 1800 m2/g, and a quite high capacitance up to 245 F/g, as for carbons having such a low microporosity contribution of up to 32% to the overall pore volume, and SO2 oxidation rate up to 4.42 μmol/s/g.A creation of appropriate microporosity is extremely important for a particular process/reaction. The diameter of pores within the range of 0.7–0.9 nm is demanded for SO2 oxidation. However, slightly smaller pores (0.6 nm) improve the ability to store the charge in 6 M KOH.

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Keywords
Microporosity creation; Mesoporus carbon; N-containing carbon; Pore size distribution; Cpacitance; Catalytic SO2 oxidation
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The influence of microporosity creation in highly mesoporous N-containing carbons obtained from chitosan on their catalytic and electrochemical properties
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 227, 15 May 2014, Pages 223–232
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us