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Photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic degradation of small biological compounds at TiO2 photoanode: A case study of nucleotide bases

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54201 47000 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic degradation of small biological compounds at TiO2 photoanode: A case study of nucleotide bases
Abstract

•PC and PEC degradation of different nucleotide bases were comparatively investigated.•PEC degradation efficiency was higher than PC for all compounds investigated.•For a given method, degradation efficiency relies on the type of nucleotide bases.•Theoretical and experimental data suggest PEC and PC reaction mechanism difference.

Photocatalytic (PC) and photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) degradation of small biological compounds such as nucleotide bases were carried out because of the nucleotide bases are the building blocks of large biomolecules, nucleic acids. These small biological compounds, four different nucleotide bases, can be photocatalytically and photoelectrocatalytically degradable, and the degradation efficiencies of PEC method were found to be higher than those of PC method for all compounds investigated. Also, we tried to propose the photocatalytical and photoelectrocatalytic degradation mechanisms of nucleotide bases, but the performance was unsuccessful. However, organic nitrogen in the original compounds was found to be oxidized to either NH3/NH4+ or NO3− or both, depending on the chemical structures of the nucleotide bases and the degradation methods used. Based on both the experimental results and the theoretically calculated frontier electron densities (FED) values of 2FEDHOMO2 and FEDHOMO2 + FEDLUMO2, the conclusion can be demonstrated as the reaction mechanisms/pathways of PEC processes differed remarkably from that of PC processes.

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Keywords
Photocatalysis; Photoelectrocatalysis; Degradation; Nucleotide bases; Biological compounds
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Photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic degradation of small biological compounds at TiO2 photoanode: A case study of nucleotide bases
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 242, Part B, 15 March 2015, Pages 363–371
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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