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A universal method to form Pd nanoparticles on low-surface-area inorganic powders and their support-dependent catalytic activity in hydrogenation of maleic acid

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54217 47001 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
A universal method to form Pd nanoparticles on low-surface-area inorganic powders and their support-dependent catalytic activity in hydrogenation of maleic acid
Abstract

•Pd nanoparticles are supported onto various insoluble oxides, salts and carbons.•A route of Pd catalysts formation is determined by the support acid–base properties.•TOF for the catalysts in maleic acid hydrogenation depends on the support nature.

A simple method for preparation of Pd catalysts supported on low-surface-area inorganic powders as carbons, oxides (SiO2, diatomites, WO3, Ta2O5, Nb2O5, V2O5, TiO2, CeO2, ZrO2, Ga2O3, In2O3, Cr2O3, Fe2O3, Al2O3) and salts (CaF2, BaSO4, Ca3(PO4)2) was developed. It implies hydrolytic deposition of Pd(II) precursors onto a support in basic solutions. Regularities of the hydrolysis process without and in the presence of the support are studied by various physicochemical methods. A scheme of the formation of catalytically active component was put forward. Reduced with H2 at 50–120 °C, the palladium catalysts demonstrate strong dependence of their specific activity in hydrogenation of aqueous maleic acid on the support nature. TOF value for palladium nanoparticles supported onto an oxide surface slows down with increasing polarizing ability of cations in the lattice of the oxide, that testifies to the influence of the electrostatic field intensity at the support surface on the reaction rate.

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Keywords
Catalyst preparation; Palladium; Oxide supports; Carbon supports; Hydrogenation; Maleic acid
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A universal method to form Pd nanoparticles on low-surface-area inorganic powders and their support-dependent catalytic activity in hydrogenation of maleic acid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 246, 15 May 2015, Pages 72–80
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us