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Aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of lignin monomer eugenol: Influence of Si/Al ratio of HZSM-5 on catalytic performances

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54256 47003 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of lignin monomer eugenol: Influence of Si/Al ratio of HZSM-5 on catalytic performances
Abstract

•We examine the relationship between acidity of zeolites and deoxygenation activities.•High yield of hydrocarbon can be achieved.•We report the reaction pathways of HDO of eugenol.•Alkali treatment increases the number of accessible acid sites.•The zeolite with high SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio is unfavorable to the HDO reaction.

Aqueous phase catalytic upgrading of phenolic monomers to hydrocarbons have been explored using Pd/C combined with HZSM-5 zeolite catalysts in the presence of H2. 2-Methoxyl-4-allylphenol (eugenol), which consists of methyl ether bond, hydroxyl group, aromatic ring and propyl olefin bond, was chosen as a classic lignin model compound. This research focuses on the relationship between the acidity of zeolites and the deoxygenation activities basis on the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of eugenol. The results indicated that the decrease of Si/Al ratio resulted in the increase of the acidity of the zeolites, which significantly influenced their catalytic performance for product distributions. Over the HZSM-5 (Si/Al = 12.5) catalyst, the 2-methoxyl-4-propylphenol conversion of 86.5% and the hydrocarbon selectivity of 73.4% were obtained with the HDO of eugenol under 513 K and 5 MPa hydrogen pressure. Owing to the lower selectivity of hydrocarbon with HZSM-5 (Si/Al = 50) as acidic catalyst, the pore treatment was used to enlarge the outer surface of zeolite. After modified by alkali-treatment, much more acid active sites were provided for feasible accessibility of oxygenated reactants. The selectivity of hydrocarbons was improved by the alkaline treatment of HZSM-5 zeolite with 0.3 mol L−1 sodium hydroxide solution.

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Keywords
Eugenol; Aqueous phase catalysis; Hydrodeoxygenation; Zeolite; Si/Al molar ratio
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Aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of lignin monomer eugenol: Influence of Si/Al ratio of HZSM-5 on catalytic performances
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 234, 1 October 2014, Pages 145–152
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us