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A stable and effective Ru/polyethersulfone catalyst for levulinic acid hydrogenation to γ-valerolactone in aqueous solution

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54269 47003 2014 6 PDF Available
Title
A stable and effective Ru/polyethersulfone catalyst for levulinic acid hydrogenation to γ-valerolactone in aqueous solution
Abstract

•A cross-linked sulfonated polyethersulfone supported Ru nanoparticle catalyst.•High reactivity ascribed to the acid and metal sites of bifunctional catalyst.•Polyethersulfone supported Ru catalyst possesses high selectivity and stability.

A cross-linked sulfonated polyethersulfone supported Ru nanoparticle catalyst was prepared for highly hydrogenation of levulinic acid (LA) into γ-valerolactone (GVL) at mild conditions (3.0 MPa H2 and 70 °C) in aqueous solution. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterizations show the formation of highly dispersed small (∼3 nm) Ru clusters on the surface of polyethersulfone. Infrared spectroscopy (IR) and acid-base titration indicate the presence of sulfonic groups without the influence of the deposition of Ru species. Polyethersulfone consisted of cross-linked electron -withdrawing group SO2, maintained its intrinsic thermal stability during the hydrogenating reaction process, and its swelling property promoted the adsorption of LA in aqueous solution. The synchronization of sulfonic groups as active sites for esterification process and metal sites for hydrogenation promoted the hydrogenation reactivity.

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Keywords
Levilinic acid; γ-Valerolactone; Ru catalyst; Hydrogenation; Polyethersulfone
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A stable and effective Ru/polyethersulfone catalyst for levulinic acid hydrogenation to γ-valerolactone in aqueous solution
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 234, 1 October 2014, Pages 245–250
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us