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Selective photocatalytic degradation of nitrobenzene facilitated by molecular imprinting with a transition state analog

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54298 47004 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Selective photocatalytic degradation of nitrobenzene facilitated by molecular imprinting with a transition state analog
Abstract

•Photocatalysts of TSA-MIP-TiO2 were prepared with transition state analog (TSA) templates.•The photocatalyst decreased the activation energy of the photo-degradation of nitrobenzene (NB).•The TSA-MIP-TiO2 photocatalyst inhibited the generation of toxic byproducts during the NB degradation.•Target NB was rapidly and selectively degraded on TSA-MIP-TiO2.

Photocatalysis with the aid of molecular imprinted photocatalysts provide a highly selective method to remove highly toxic organic pollutants (HTOPs). However, some HTOPs (e.g., nitrobenzene (NB)) cannot be used directly as template due to their low solubility or high toxicity. For removing such HTOPs, the present work designed novel molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) coated photocatalysts (TSA-MIP-TiO2) by using transition state analog (TSA) as template. For the target pollutant NB, both 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) and 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) were respectively selected as the TSA template to prepare TSA-MIP-TiO2 (2NP-P25 and 4NP-P25). In comparison with neat Degussa P25 TiO2, the obtained TSA-MIP-TiO2 not only increased the photocatalytic degradation of NB, but also inhibited the accumulation of unwanted intermediates. In the presence of bisphenol A (BPA, 225 μmol L−1) as a non-target pollutant, the photocatalytic degradation rate constants of NB (15 μmol L−1) over 2NP-P25 and 4NP-P25 were about 4.4 and 3.6 times that over neat P25 TiO2, respectively, whereas the BPA degradation over TSA-MIP-TiO2 was slower than that over neat P25. The much enhanced photocatalytic activity and selectivity can be explained by that TSA-MIP-TiO2 possesses specific molecular recognition to the reaction transition state, which decreases the reaction apparent activation energy.

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Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Transition state analog; Molecularly imprinted polymers; Selectivity; Photocatalysis
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Selective photocatalytic degradation of nitrobenzene facilitated by molecular imprinting with a transition state analog
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 225, 15 April 2014, Pages 164–170
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us