Response of MAPK pathway to iron oxide nanoparticles in vitro treatment promotes osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs
Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) are generally used in multiple biomedical applications. The tissue repair effect of IONPs had been demonstrated in the previous studies of our group, but the underlying mechanism is unclarified. It is well known that stem cell-based therapies show promising prospect in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, however, whether IONPs could modulate stem cell fate to promote tissue repair is still unclear. Herein, we found that IONPs could promote osteogenic differentiation of human bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) in vitro. To insightfully understand the molecular mechanisms, we performed systematic analyses by use of gene microarray assay and bioinformatics analysis, which revealed that gene expression was widely regulated and classical mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway was activated by IONPs treatment. As a result, downstream genes of this pathway were regulated to promote osteogenic differentiation. In summary, the present study elucidates a molecular basis explaining how IONPs effect on hBMSCs, which could have many meaningful impacts for stem cells application in regenerative medicine.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 86, April 2016, Pages 11–20