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Effects of oxide supports on the water-gas shift reaction over PtNi bimetallic catalysts: Activity and methanation inhibition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54313 47005 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Effects of oxide supports on the water-gas shift reaction over PtNi bimetallic catalysts: Activity and methanation inhibition
Abstract

•Nature of oxide supports affected the water-gas shift activity.•Synergistic PtNi bimetallic effect existed on γ-Al2O3 and CeO2.•PtNi on reducible supports had higher activity than on non-reducible supports.•PtNi/TiO2 and PtNi/ZrO2 showed good performance on methanation inhibition.

The activity and product selectivity of the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction were compared for PtNi bimetallic catalysts supported on γ-Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2, CeO2 and ZrO2. The catalysts were synthesized by impregnation, and were characterized by pulse CO chemisorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). The reactions were carried out in a batch reactor equipped with a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. Catalysts on reducible or partially reducible supports (CeO2, TiO2 and high surface area ZrO2 (HSA-ZrO2)) show higher activity than those on non-reducible supports (γ-Al2O3, SiO2 and low surface area ZrO2 (LSA-ZrO2)). Based on catalyst weight, the PtNi bimetallic catalysts follow the activity trend of CeO2 > HSA-ZrO2 > TiO2 ∼ γ-Al2O3 > SiO2 > LSA-ZrO2. Based on CO uptake values, the activity follows a similar trend except that PtNi/TiO2 becomes as active as PtNi/CeO2 due to the lower CO uptake value of PtNi/TiO2. At a similar CO conversion, the selectivity to CH4, the undesired product, is highest over PtNi/SiO2, followed by PtNi/CeO2 and PtNi/γ-Al2O3, and very low on PtNi/TiO2 and PtNi/HSA-ZrO2. Overall, CeO2, TiO2 and HSA-ZrO2 are promising supports for the PtNi bimetallic WGS catalyst.

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Keywords
Water-gas shift; PtNi bimetallic catalysts; Support effect; Reducibility; Methane formation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 233, 15 September 2014, Pages 61–69
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us