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Comparative study of physico-chemical properties of laboratory and industrially prepared layered double hydroxides and their behavior in aldol condensation of furfural and acetone

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54339 47006 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Comparative study of physico-chemical properties of laboratory and industrially prepared layered double hydroxides and their behavior in aldol condensation of furfural and acetone
Abstract

•Laboratory hydrotalcites outperform industrial ones in furfural-acetone aldol condensation.•Increased mesoporosity and ability to in-situ structure reconstruction are crucial.•Phase purity of hydrotalcites is a key parameter.

In this article, properties of laboratory and industrially prepared Mg–Al layered double hydroxides (LDH) with Mg:Al molar ratios varied in the range from 2 to 4 were compared. Physico-chemical properties of the studied materials were investigated with XRD, SEM, N2 physisorption, TGA and CO2-TPD methods. Catalytic behavior of the LDH samples was examined in the liquid phase aldol condensation of furfural and acetone at 20 and 60 °C. It was found that LDH from the small-scale preparation have different physico-chemical characteristics than the LDH materials originating from the large-scale (industrial) preparation which is also reflected in their catalytic behavior. As-synthesized laboratory LDH catalysts are phase-pure crystalline samples with hydrotalcite structure while the industrial materials also possess MgO as admixture. The laboratory samples possess larger BET surface area and mesopore volume in comparison with the industrially prepared ones. Despite the similarity in basic properties of the studied materials, the samples with molar ratio Mg:Al = 3 in both groups of LDH using different method of preparation possess the best activity in aldol condensation. Generally, the calcined laboratory samples are more active than the industrial materials in the reaction. This is explained by the better textural properties of the former ones and their susceptibility to in-situ reconstruction in the presence of water formed during the reaction.

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Keywords
Aldol condensation; Layered double hydroxides; Hydrotalcites; Furfural; Acetone
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Comparative study of physico-chemical properties of laboratory and industrially prepared layered double hydroxides and their behavior in aldol condensation of furfural and acetone
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 241, Part B, 1 March 2015, Pages 221–230
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us