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Opportunities for zeolites in biomass upgrading—Lessons from the refining and petrochemical industry

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54351 47007 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Opportunities for zeolites in biomass upgrading—Lessons from the refining and petrochemical industry
Abstract

•Zeolite-based catalysts show significant potential for biomass transformations.•Wide variety of conversion of biomass-derived feedstocks can be achieved over molecular sieves.•Deactivation, active sites accessibility and aqueous media are the main challenges to be overcome.

New technologies ensuring the production of valuable products from renewable raw materials would greatly benefit our society by satisfying the ever-growing needs while reducing environmentally harmful waste and emissions. The present paper reviews the possibilities of microporous and mesoporous materials as catalysts in conversion of biomass-derived raw materials. Proven industrial applications from the refining and petrochemical sector are used as the basis for discussing the potential of new renewable-raw-materials-based processes. The examples of different studies on the applicability of zeolites as catalysts in processes requiring splitting or formation of carbon–carbon bond, isomerization, deoxygenation (including dehydration), etc. are given. The perspectives of the application of zeolites for the valorization of biomass are evaluated and several challenges are generalized, aiming at a better understanding of the relationship between physical and chemical properties of microporous materials and their behavior in the transformation of biomass-derived feedstocks.

Graphical abstractApplication of wide range of zeolite catalysts to transformations of biomass-derived feedstocks.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (123 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Zeolites; Molecular sieves; Biomass; Triglycerides; Sugars; Cracking; Isomerization; Aldol condensation.
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Opportunities for zeolites in biomass upgrading—Lessons from the refining and petrochemical industry
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 243, 1 April 2015, Pages 10–22
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us