Remarkable enhancement of catalytic activity and selectivity of MSE-type zeolite by post-synthetic modification
•MSE-type zeolites (MCM-68, YNU-3, and MSEOSDAF) were successfully synthesized.•Each material was used as a solid acid catalyst for hexane cracking.•Al-rich version of the MSE-type zeolites caused rapid deactivation by heavy coking.•Framework Al atoms were properly removed by adequate acid treatments.•Dealuminated MSE-type zeolites showed sufficient activity and coke durability.
Besides conventional MCM-68, Al-rich MSE-type zeolites with a 12-10-10-ring micropore system were successfully synthesized in a remarkably short crystallization period by some different synthetic methods: (1) hydrothermal conversion of an FAU-type zeolite with the aid of the dipyrrolidinium-type organic structure-directing agent (OSDA) and (2) hydrothermal synthesis without using any OSDA with the aid of seed crystals. The dealumination behaviors during post-synthetic acid treatments as well as the properties of the products differed depending on the synthetic method. The dealuminated version of each Al-rich MSE-type zeolite showed a high level of coking resistance in addition to a significant yield of propylene in the hexane-cracking reaction, and the MSE synthesized under OSDA-free conditions showed the best catalytic performance among three different MSE-type zeolites after post-synthetic modification. The Al-rich MSE products obtained in this work are promising parent materials for industrial applications as highly selective and long-lived catalysts.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (219 K)Download as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 243, 1 April 2015, Pages 85–91