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Synthesis of hierarchically porous carbon spheres with yolk-shell structure for high performance supercapacitors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54374 47007 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of hierarchically porous carbon spheres with yolk-shell structure for high performance supercapacitors
Abstract

•We synthesize yolk-shelled carbon spheres by a new gradient sol–gel process.•The yolk-shelled carbon spheres have a hierarchically porous nanoarchitecture.•The yolk diameter, shell thickness and mesopore size can be well controlled.•The yolk-shelled carbon spheres exhibit a high electrochemical performance.

Uniform yolk-shelled carbon spheres (YS-CSs) with a hierarchically porous nanoarchitecture have successfully been synthesized through a new gradient sol–gel process with surfactant-directing co-assembly by using cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a template, resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) as a carbon source and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as an assistant pore-forming agent. The effects of CTAB and TEOS on the yolk-shell structure and pore properties of the carbon spheres are systematically investigated. Characterizations from SEM and HR-SEM, TEM, N2 sorption, FTIR, and TG techniques reveal that the obtained YS-CSs possess a microporous yolk, mesoporous shell and macroporous hollow cavity between the yolk and shell, high specific surface areas (887–1085 m2/g) and large pore volumes (1.4–2.8 cm3/g). Moreover, the yolk diameter can be well controlled from 320 to 600 nm, the shell thickness from 140 to 250 nm and the mesopore size from 4.6 to 10.6 nm by simply adjusting amount of CTAB and TEOS. When evaluated as electrode materials for supercapacitor applications, the YS-CSs exhibit high performance with a high specific capacitance and a good rate capability (75% retention ratio at a high current density of 20 A/g).

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Keywords
Porous carbon; Yolk-shell; Sol–gel; Co-assembly; Supercapacitor
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Synthesis of hierarchically porous carbon spheres with yolk-shell structure for high performance supercapacitors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 243, 1 April 2015, Pages 199–208
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us