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Optimization of biodiesel production from sunflower oil by transesterification using Na2O/NaX and methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54383 47008 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Optimization of biodiesel production from sunflower oil by transesterification using Na2O/NaX and methanol
Abstract

•Transesterification reaction was optimized by response surface methodology.•The amount of Na2O increased the strength and number of basic sites of the zeolite.•The model is statistically adequate to predict the optimal yield of biodiesel.•The reaction temperature is the most important parameter in the reaction.•The produced biodiesel was over 90% methyl esters at different operating conditions.

In this work, response surface methodology was used to optimize the conditions for the transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol, using Na2O supported on NaX faujasite zeolite as catalyst. By experimental design a quadratic polynomial equation was obtained for biodiesel yield. Multiple regression analysis and verification experiments confirmed the validity of the predicted model. The studied variables were reaction temperature (40, 50 and 60 °C), catalysts weight base oil (5, 7.5 and 10 wt%), Na content (5.5, 7.5, 10 and 11.5 wt%) and methanol:sunflower oil molar ratio (4:1, 5:1 and 6:1). Results from the optimization study showed that reaction temperature and molar ratio methanol:oil can be optimized. Catalyst characterization was carried out by scanning electron microscopy, atomic absorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption and basicity determination by Hammett method. Biodiesel with highest methyl esters content (99.3%) was obtained with the catalyst with 10% Na content, at 60 °C, 6:1 methanol:sunflower oil molar ratio and 10 wt% catalyst concentration. The produced biodiesel was found to fulfill the specifications of the European Norm UNE-EN 14214 regarding viscosity, flash point and acid value.

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Keywords
Optimization; Experimental design; Heterogeneous catalysts; Transesterification; Biodiesel; Response surface methodology
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Optimization of biodiesel production from sunflower oil by transesterification using Na2O/NaX and methanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volumes 220–222, March 2014, Pages 12–20
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us