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Maya crude oil hydrotreating reaction in a batch reactor using alumina-supported NiMo carbide and nitride as catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54413 47008 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Maya crude oil hydrotreating reaction in a batch reactor using alumina-supported NiMo carbide and nitride as catalysts
Abstract

•Catalysts for Maya crude oil hydrotreatment based on NiMo carbide and nitride.•Alumina-supported NiMo carbides and nitrides are synthesized by temperature programmed reaction method.•HRTEM analysis revealed MoS2 slabs in NiMo carbide and nitride catalysts.•Thiophene HDS catalytic activity revealed a synergistic effect between Ni and Mo in carbides and nitrides.•Maya crude oil physical and chemical properties were enhanced during HT by using NiMo carbide and nitride as catalysts.

The hydrotreating (HT) of Maya crude oil was carried out in a Parr batch reactor, using alumina-supported catalysts based on NiMo sulfides, carbides and nitrides, which were synthesized by temperature programmed reaction of the oxidic precursors. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2 physisorption, scanning- and high resolution transmission-electron microscopy. Next, catalysts with the best performance in thiophene hydrodesulfurization (HDS) were selected to be used in the HT of Maya crude oil. HT reactions were carried out at 320 °C and 70–80 kg/cm2. All catalysts were sulfided ex situ with a mixture of CS2/H2, prior to reaction. Products of reaction were analyzed by simulated distillation, sulfur and metal contents. Specific weight was also obtained, which was further used to calculate specific gravity and API gravity. Here, it was shown a synergistic effect by using Ni as promoter to Mo carbides and nitrides which is in contrast to previous reports. Moreover, during Maya crude oil HT, it was accomplished the enhancement of API gravity by using NiMo sulfide. Sulfur and metal removal was also successful using these materials, confirming that active phases based on NiMo nitrides and/or carbides could be considered as new HT catalysts for real feedstocks processing.

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Keywords
Carbides; HDS; HRTEM; hydrotreating; NiMo-catalyst; Nitrides; Maya crude; SEM-EDX
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Maya crude oil hydrotreating reaction in a batch reactor using alumina-supported NiMo carbide and nitride as catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volumes 220–222, March 2014, Pages 318–326
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us