fulltext.study @t Gmail

Ring-opening polymerization of propylene oxide by double metal cyanide catalysts prepared by reacting CoCl2 with various metal cyanide salts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54458 47010 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Ring-opening polymerization of propylene oxide by double metal cyanide catalysts prepared by reacting CoCl2 with various metal cyanide salts
Abstract

•A series of double metal cyanide (DMC) catalysts were prepared.•Cobalt-based DMC catalysts were comprehensively characterized.•The DMC catalysts showed high activity in ring-opening polymerization of propylene oxide.•The choice of metal was an important factor to achieve high catalytic activity.•CoII-NiII DMC catalysts showed the best activity.

Polymerization of propylene oxide (PO) has been carried out by using a series of double metal cyanide (DMC) catalysts prepared by reacting dicationic CoCl2 with dianionic K2Ni(CN)4, K4Fe(CN)6, trianionic K3Fe(CN)6, or K3Co(CN)6 in the presence of tert-butyl alcohol as the complexing agent and poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol as the co-complexing agent. The resulting DMC catalysts are characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffractometry. Screening the catalytic activity in PO polymerization shows that it is dependent on the type of catalyst, relative ratio of cationic cobalt and anionic metal salts, and polymerization conditions. Thus, the DMC catalyst prepared by reacting CoCl2 with K2Ni(CN)4 yielded the highest activity. The polyols produced by DMC catalysts had a very low level of unsaturation. The molecular weight and particularly the polydispersity of the resulting polyols are sensitive to the type of anionic metal salts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (141 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Catalysis; Double metal cyanide; Ring-opening polymerization; Propylene oxide; Cobalt chloride
First Page Preview
Ring-opening polymerization of propylene oxide by double metal cyanide catalysts prepared by reacting CoCl2 with various metal cyanide salts
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 232, 1 September 2014, Pages 75–81
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us