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The effect of PO4 to Nb2O5 catalyst on the dehydration of glycerol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54463 47010 2014 5 PDF Available
Title
The effect of PO4 to Nb2O5 catalyst on the dehydration of glycerol
Abstract

•We prepare PO4/Nb2O5 catalyst using the incipient impregnation method.•The amount of the acid sites and strength of the surface acidity increased with the amount of PO4 supported.•Conversion of glycerol and selectivity of acrolein are strengthened by increasing the PO4 content.•The catalyst could not be fully recovered because of the significant amount of PO4 loss during reaction.

The liquid-phase dehydration of glycerol to acrolein over PO4/Nb2O5 catalysts was performed to investigate the effect of various amounts of PO4 supported and the regeneration of used catalysts on catalytic performance. The amount of acid sites and strength of the surface acidity increased with the amount of PO4 supported. Thus, these results seem to suggest that the amount of produced acrolein in the dehydration of glycerol is relatively influenced by the surface acidity of the catalysts used. Catalytic activity was restored by burning out of the surface deposited carbons in the used PO4/Nb2O5 catalysts at 500 °C in air. However, it was not completely restored after regeneration for the 50 wt% PO4/Nb2O5 catalyst due to the incomplete recovery of the drastically reduced surface acidity by the loss of the much resolved PO4 during the reaction.

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Keywords
Glycerol; Acrolein; Niobium; Phosphoric acid; Liquid phase; Dehydration
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The effect of PO4 to Nb2O5 catalyst on the dehydration of glycerol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 232, 1 September 2014, Pages 114–118
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us