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Fixed-bed catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol with titania and Au/titania catalysts in dark

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54487 47011 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Fixed-bed catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol with titania and Au/titania catalysts in dark
Abstract

•High efficiency of TiO2 in phenol CWPO at pH = 2.5 in dark in a fixed-bed-reactor.•Deposition of gold nanoparticles increases the TiO2 activity by a factor of 2.0–2.8.•Stability of gold catalyst is determined by nanoparticles resistance to aggregation.•TiO2 and Au/TiO2 catalysts yield >95% phenol mineralization without Ti/Au leaching.

It was established that nanostructured TiO2 with crystal size in range of 4.5–30 nm display stable operation in phenol CWPO in dark [PhOH = 200 ppmw] yielding 52–76% TOC conversion in a fixed-bed reactor at pH = 2.5, T = 80 °C and LHSV = 3.8 h−1. Deposition of ∼3 wt.% of Au nanoparticles increases the catalytic activity of TiO2 in CWPO of phenol defined as pseudo-first-order rate constant of substrate mineralization by a factor of 2.0–2.8 depending on Au crystal size. Small 3–4 nm Au nanoparticles aggregate at reaction conditions with complete deactivation of Au component. Larger 7–8 nm Au nanoparticles are stable against aggregation and deactivation. No leaching of Ti and Au was detected in runs with duration up to 300 h. The CWPO with both Au and TiO2 catalysts proceeds according to radical mechanism mostly in the part of catalysts layer where H2O2 is completely decomposed. At proper operation conditions TiO2 and Au/TiO2 catalysts allow reaching >95% mineralization of phenol and stable operation.

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Keywords
Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation in dark; Phenol; Titanium oxide; Gold nanoparticles
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Fixed-bed catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol with titania and Au/titania catalysts in dark
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 241, Part A, 1 March 2015, Pages 63–72
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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