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CeO2 catalysts with fibrous morphology for soot oxidation: The importance of the soot–catalyst contact conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54577 47016 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
CeO2 catalysts with fibrous morphology for soot oxidation: The importance of the soot–catalyst contact conditions
Abstract

•Ceria nanofibers were synthesized as soot oxidation catalysts.•Several morphologies were obtained to enhance the soot–catalyst contact.•Fibers were the best morphology in maximizing the number of contact points.•172 °C reduction of the soot oxidation temperature was achieved with ceria fibers.•Fibers achieved a 31 °C reduction in oxidation temperature with respect to SCS nanopowders.

Ceria nanofibers were synthesized as soot oxidation catalysts. In fact, the morphology of the catalyst was tailored to maximize the contact between the soot particles and the catalyst itself, at increasing degrees of soot–catalyst contact. Among the synthesized catalysts, the fibrous shape demonstrated to be most active towards soot oxidation: it reduced the peak combustion temperature from 600 °C (non-catalytic combustion) to 375 °C in tight contact, 428 °C in prolonged loose contact (see detailed definition in the text), and 553 °C in loose contact.These results were compared to a very active ceria catalyst obtained with the solution combustion synthesis method, characterized by much higher porosity and SSA surface. It emerged that the nanofibers, although they have one-fifth of the BET of the nanopowders obtained with SCS, they show almost the same activity in tight conditions, and a considerably better one in prolonged loose contact: hence, their peak temperature is 31 °C lower than the one of SCS-obtained nanopowders at the latter condition.This encourages to deeply investigate the interaction between the morphology and the real contact-conditions between the catalyst and soot in diesel particulate filters (DPFs), and to tailor the DPF catalytic support to enhance this contact, still maintaining low the pressure drop associated to the catalytic layer.

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Keywords
Diesel particulate filter; Soot oxidation; Ceria; Nanofiber; Morphology
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CeO2 catalysts with fibrous morphology for soot oxidation: The importance of the soot–catalyst contact conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 216, 1 November 2013, Pages 57–63
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us