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Promoter segregation in Pt and Ru promoted cobalt model catalysts during oxidation–reduction treatments

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54611 47017 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Promoter segregation in Pt and Ru promoted cobalt model catalysts during oxidation–reduction treatments
Abstract

•Oxidation of metallic Co/Pt and Co/Ru particles (model FTS catalyst) causes phase separation.•Kirkendall mechanism produces hollow CoOx shells with the promoter located inside.•As a result promoter signals disappear from the XP spectrum.•Re-reduction of the segregated system can give rise to uneven promoter distribution.

A flat model approach was used to study segregation phenomena in Pt and Ru-promoted cobalt catalysts prepared by co-impregnation. In the calcined state the cobalt (Co3O4) and promoter phases are well mixed and in the oxidic form (PtO2 and RuOx). Upon reduction the promoter alloys with the metallic cobalt and it is evenly distributed over the cobalt particles. During reoxidation of the metallic system Pt and Ru segregate: Kirkendall voids of Co3O4 are formed, and the promoter is left inside the hollow oxide shell. Reduction of the reoxidized state results in re-alloying of the promoter with the cobalt phase, but the promoter concentration in the surface region of the sample is lower than after reduction of the calcined catalyst. This is explained by incomplete remixing, a result of the segregation in the re-oxidized state. The results suggest that break-up of the Pt-containing hollow oxide shells leads to uneven distribution of the promoter over the cobalt phase, forming both particles with high promoter concentration and promoter-free particles. Our approach provides a simple method to generate encapsulated noble metal particles, which are potentially interesting as sinter-resistant catalysts.

Graphical abstractPt and Co are well-mixed in the calcined and reduced state. Reoxidation leads to segregation, which leads to uneven Pt distribution in the re-reduced state. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (99 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cobalt model catalyst; Pt promotion; Ru promotion; Fischer–Tropsch catalysis
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Promoter segregation in Pt and Ru promoted cobalt model catalysts during oxidation–reduction treatments
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 215, 15 October 2013, Pages 2–7
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us