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Cobalt catalysts supported on a micro-coil carbon in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: A comparison with CNTs and CNFs

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54661 47019 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
Cobalt catalysts supported on a micro-coil carbon in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: A comparison with CNTs and CNFs
Abstract

Shaped carbon materials with different nanostructures, i.e. carbon nanofibers (CNFs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon micro-coils (CMCs) were prepared by catalytic chemical vapor deposition. Co catalysts supported on CNFs, CNTs and CMCs were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation. The structure and surface properties of these carbon materials were studied. The influence of the different supports on the appearance, size and dispersion of cobalt particles, as well as on their reducibility, was studied by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption desorption measurements, thermogravimetric analysis, temperature-programmed reduction, H2-chemisorption and O2 titration. The different shaped carbon supports were found to affect the Co reducibility and dispersion by modifying the functionalization on the support surface, i.e. by changing the metal–support interactions. The Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) performance of these cobalt catalysts was influenced by the reducibility and dispersion of the catalysts on the different carbon materials. Finally, cobalt catalysts with cobalt particles sited both inside and outside of the CNTs were prepared and revealed the effect of a pore confinement on the reducibility, dispersion and performance of cobalt catalysts in FTS.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (162 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Carbon materials (carbon nanotubes, nanofibers and micro-coils) were prepared. ► Surface properties of the carbon materials were studied by different characterization methods. ► Surface groups affected reducibility and dispersion of Co/carbon catalysts. ► Fischer–Tropsch synthesis performances were investigated. ► Pore confinement affected the dispersion and performance of cobalt catalysts in FTS.

Keywords
Fischer–Tropsch synthesis; Carbon nanofibers; Carbon nanotubes; Carbon micro-coils; Cobalt catalysts; Surface groups
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Cobalt catalysts supported on a micro-coil carbon in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: A comparison with CNTs and CNFs
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 214, 1 October 2013, Pages 50–60
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us