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The role of rare earth elements in zeolites and cracking catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54758 47025 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
The role of rare earth elements in zeolites and cracking catalysts
Abstract

•A brief review of the effect of RE in zeolite based cracking catalysts is presented.•REY zeolite exhibits increased Brønsted acidity and hydrogen transfer activity.•HT activity and Brønsted acidity of REHY correlate with the ionic radius of the RE.•REHY zeolite catalysts are more stable and active for cracking reactions.•HT may induce some loss on octane number of gasoline produced in FCC process.

This brief review has the objective of showing the role of the rare earth in the context of Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC). REHY and RENaY zeolites, two of the most important components of FCC catalysts, were extensively studied in the past years. Their properties were evaluated in different conditions and the discussions of their main characteristics were revisited. It has been shown that RE elements migrate to smaller cages upon calcination and, once located in these cages, they form bridges with framework oxygen atoms, stabilising the zeolite structure. Some hydrolysis reactions take place over RE cations, generating Brønsted acidity and the higher the ionic radius of the RE atom, the higher the degree of hydrolysis. Besides, a correlation between the ionic radius of the RE atom, the Brønsted acidity of the zeolite and the rate of hydrogen transfer reaction was observed. Also, the use of rare earth elements as a vanadium trap has been analysed. Finally, new applications of rate earth containing zeolites in other fields than FCC catalysis indicate that this subject is still a matter of great interest.

Graphical abstractInfluence of the ion exchange level in initial activity of RENaY catalysts.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (75 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Rare-earth; Hydrogen transfer; REY zeolite; Cracking catalyst; FCC catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volumes 218–219, December 2013, Pages 115–122
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us